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澳洲应具有较灵活的中澳外交政策 Australia should have a more flexible China-Australia foreign policy

来源:澳洲网 作者:蔡家声 时间:2018-11-02 17:51:56 点击:

10月11日及12日,墨尔本大学举行一个重要的会议,由墨尔本大学的重要机构Melbourne Institute和澳大利亚主流英文报纸《澳洲人报》(The Australian)合办,是有关讨论澳洲经济和社会政策的论坛。其中一项讨论有关“坎坷路上的中澳关系”(China-Australia: Bumps In The Road),有好几位嘉宾参加,但我最关心的是联邦影子外交部长黄英贤Senator Penny Wong的主题观点,因为她代表未来工党有可能上任为政府中的外交部长和重要的决策者,她的意见值得重视。

她明确指出,近年来,从联盟党2013年复选由Abbott到Turnbull到Morrison执政以来,政府毫无必要地让中澳关系陷入困难和棘手的境地。工党如执政,将努力使得中澳关系回到健康的轨道上。她还详述了工党政府准备在处理澳中关系上所要遵循的几个原则:

1. 正确地认识中国

2. 清晰地识别澳中双边利益的不同和共同之处

3. 在管理和解决双方不同的方式上要多加考虑并努力做到连贯一致

她强调中澳关系无比重要:

1. 中国对澳洲现在和未来的繁荣的重要性

2. 中国在澳洲所处地区的分量和地位空前重要并且还日益提升

3. 中国与澳洲各自利益有很多不同但也有很多相同之处

4. 对中国人民这些年所取得的诸多成就和未来巨大的潜力都应该真心地给予尊敬

外界不应该对中国近年来在增加地区的话语权上的追求感到惊讶,因为这是中国经济强大后的合理和可以预料的结果。澳洲必须面对这一变化,为中国及所有相关国家来达成大家都可以接受的秩序。澳洲在这方面的希望是依赖规则和国际机构来实现地区稳定,增强合作,更重要的是解决纠纷。

她指出,工党政府的外交政策需要服务的核心利益包含澳洲国家安全、经济繁荣和一个稳定、繁荣并遵循国际法和规则的地区环境,及有建设性的国际关系,并也将会坚决捍卫维护这些核心利益。她相信,维护澳洲的利益和原则及与中国处理双方的分歧时,可以在无敌意和不激怒对方的情况下做到。

我很欣赏Senator Penny Wong的这些富有建设性的意见。Morrison领导的政府应该在这方面多跟工党磋商,达成对中国的外交政策的共识,就像不久前在工党支持下完成加入TPP协议。没有美国,我们也能做得很好呀,不须盲目追随美国的外交政策!

An important conference was held at the University of Melbourne on 11 and 12 October 2018. It was co-organized by The Melbourne Institute, a major Institute at The University of Melbourne, and The Australian, a mainstream Australian English-language newspaper. It was a forum for discussion of Australians economic and social policy. One of the topics concerned Sino-Australian relations titled : China-Australia: Bumps In The Road.There were several guests present, but I was most interested in the considered views of Senator Penny Wong, Federal Shadow Foreign Minister. That is because she represented the Labour Party as our future Minister for Foreign Affairs and an important decision-maker in a future Labour Government. Her comments deserved attention.

She made clear that in recent years, the government has unnecessarily put Sino-Australian relations in a difficult and tricky position since the Coalition was re-elected in 2013, from Abbott to Turnbull to Morrison in power. Labour, if in power, will try to put Sino-Australian relations back on a sound track. She also elaborated on several principles that the Labour government intends to follow in its dealings with China:

1. Understand China properly.

2. A clear identification of the differences and commonalities of bilateral interests for China and Australia

3. Greater consideration of and efforts to achieve coherence in the management and resolution of the different approaches of the parties.

She stressed the vital importance of China-Australia relations:

1. China's importance to Australia's present and future prosperity

2. China's presence in Australia has never been more important and is on the rise

3.The respective interests of China and Australia are very different but have a lot in common

4.The many achievements and great future potential of the Chinese people in these years should be sincerely respected.

The outside world should not be surprised by China's quest to increase regional voice in recent years, as this is a reasonable and predictable result following China's strong economy growth. Australia must face this change and reach an acceptable order for China and all countries concerned. Australia's hope in this regard is to rely on rules and international institutions to achieve regional stability, enhance cooperation and, more importantly, resolve disputes.

She pointed out that the core interests of the Labour Government to serve in its foreign policy include Australian national security, economic prosperity and a stable, prosperous regional environment in which international law and rules are observed, and constructive international relations, and will resolutely defend those core interests. She believes that Australia's interests and principles, as well as its differences with China, can be preserved without animosity or irritation.

I appreciate these constructive comments from Senator Penny Wong. Morrison's government should consult Labour more on this front and reach a common understanding of China's foreign policy, just as he did in the Federal Parliament to pass the crucial TPP agreement, with the help of Labour Party.

The conclusion is: we can do well without America sometimes. We don't need to blindly follow American's foreign policy all the times.

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