当前位置:首页 > 观点 > 大洋潮 > 国际医生敦促美俄维护《中导条约》,开始谈判废除核武器 International physicians urge US and Russia to preserve INF Treaty, begin negotiations for nuclear abolition

国际医生敦促美俄维护《中导条约》,开始谈判废除核武器 International physicians urge US and Russia to preserve INF Treaty, begin negotiations for nuclear abolition

来源:澳洲网 作者:蔡家声 时间:2018-10-26 18:05:29 点击:

10/24/18

波士顿,马里兰州 - 唐纳德·特朗普(Donald Trump)于上周六宣布,美国将退出1987年签订的“中导条约”(INF),本周早些时候,美国国家安全顾问约翰·博尔顿(John Bolton)确认了这一决定。以下是1985年诺贝尔和平奖得主国际防止核战争医生组织(IPPNW)的回应。

在一个已经对核武器国家的意图及其持续的核武器现代化感到紧张的世界上,特朗普政府宣布将退出历史性的《中导条约》是一个严肃而不受欢迎的消息。

“在美国正式退出伊朗核协议的同时,另一来之不易的限制核武器部署的成就——IPPNW为之奋斗了整个80年代并标志着冷战的结束的《中导条约》——也可能被特朗普总统抛在一边,这令人非常不安,”挪威IPPNW董事会主席比约恩·希尔特博士(Dr.Bjorn Hilt)表示。

在新的东西方对抗中,最大的输家可能是欧洲。在30年前缔结《中导条约》之前,大国之间存在一场不受控制的军备竞赛。如果核战争爆发,无论是有意还是无意,它很可能已经在欧洲开始,并将消灭其前线的国家。1987年,里根总统和戈尔巴乔夫部长签署了历史性的《中导条约》,这在一定程度上缓解了眼前的危险。这一条约即将到来的失败,可能会让世界重新陷入一场新的冷战,而欧洲又一次站在了零起点上。

德国IPPNW主席亚历克斯·罗森博士(Dr.Alex Rsen)表示:“美国和俄罗斯都对这一局面负有责任,双方都指责对方违反了条约。” “最近双方核武库的现代化,特别是中程巡航导弹的发展,以及美国在罗马尼亚和波兰建立导弹防御系统,以及俄罗斯在加里宁格勒部署短程导弹,都明显违背了《中导条约》的精神。现在是在谈判桌上解决这些问题的时候了。”

在提到普京总统和特朗普总统在各自职业生涯的不同阶段都表示希望就彻底废除核武器进行谈判时,IPPNW呼吁两位领导人就各自的核武库展开更广泛的讨论,而不是结束一项标志性的核武器限制条约。

联合国去年以122票赞成、1票反对、1票弃权通过的《禁止核武器条约》(TPNW)应该为这种讨论提供了起点。国际废除核武器运动(ICAN)由IPPNW于2007年共同发起,因其在促进《禁止核武器条约》方面所做的工作而获得2017年诺贝尔和平奖,通过该活动,大多数国家要求彻底废除核武器。

IPPNW联合主席Ira Helfand博士说:“这些国家和世界人民正在向核武器国家发出一个明确的信号,要求它们履行根据已有50年历史的《核不扩散条约》(NPT)彻底解除核武器的义务。” “如果美国国会和美国总统希望成为避免核战争的真正领导者,‘Back from the Brink’运动概括了他们可以采取的步骤。这不应该是一个党派问题。里根总统曾说过一句名言:‘核战争是打不赢的,也永远不应该打。’在我们迫切需要朝解除核武迈进的时候,退出《中导条约》将是一大倒退。”。

###

注:此重要的新闻稿由蔡家声医生提供,蔡医生是澳洲医生防战协会全国委员和国际医生防止核战协会的澳洲国际代表




10/24/18

For Immediate Release

For media inquiries, contact: Charles Johnson (503) 777-2794; Michael Christ (781) 521-5183 also, see https://peaceandhealthblog.com/2018/10/24/inf-treaty/#more-4772

Boston, MA – Donald Trump announced on Saturday that the United States will withdraw from the 1987 Treaty on Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF), a decision confirmed by national security adviser John Bolton earlier this week.  The following is the response of International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW), winner of the 1985 Nobel Peace Prize.

In a world already nervous about the intentions of the nuclear-armed states and their continued modernization of nuclear weapons, the Trump Administration’s announcement that it will withdraw from the historic INF Treaty is grave and unwelcome news.

“It is very disturbing that yet another hard-won achievement to restrain nuclear arms deployments—a treaty that marked the beginning of the end of the Cold War and for which IPPNW campaigned throughout the 1980s—may be tossed aside by President Trump at the same time that the US is officially leaving the Iran nuclear deal,” said IPPNW board chair Dr. Bjorn Hilt of Norway.

The big loser in the new East-West confrontation could be Europe.  Before the conclusion of the INF treaty thirty years ago, there was an uncontrolled arms race between the major powers.  If nuclear war had broken out, either by intention or accident, it likely would have begun in Europe and would have obliterated the nations in its front lines.  The signing of the historic INF treaty in 1987 by President Reagan and Secretary Gorbachev relieved some of the immediate danger.  Its impending demise threatens a relapse into a new Cold War, with Europe again at ground zero.

“Both the US and Russia own a share of the blame for this situation, with each accusing the other of breaking the treaty,” said Dr. Alex Rosen, chairman of IPPNW Germany. “The recent modernizations of the nuclear arsenals on both sides, especially the development of medium-range cruise missiles, but also the establishment of a missile defense system by the United States in Romania and Poland and the Russian deployment of short-range missiles in Kaliningrad clearly contradict the spirit of the INF agreement. It is time to settle these questions at the negotiating table."

Citing both President Putin’s and President Trump’s expressed desire at different points in their careers to negotiate the total abolition of nuclear weapons, IPPNW called upon the two leaders to begin a wider discussion of their nuclear arsenals, rather than ending an iconic nuclear weapons limitation treaty. 

The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW), adopted at the United Nations last year by a vote of 122-1-1, should provide the starting point for such discussions. The International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN), co-founded by IPPNW in 2007, received the 2017 Nobel Peace Prize for its work in promoting the TPNW, through which makes a majority of nations have demanded the total abolition of nuclear weapons. 

“These nations and the people of the world are sending a clear signal to the nuclear weapons states to pay heed to their obligation to completely disarm under the 50-year old Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT),” said IPPNW co-President Dr. Ira Helfand. “The ‘Back from the Brink’ Campaign in the US outlines steps that could be taken by Congress and the US President, if they wish to be true leaders in avoiding nuclear war.  This should not be a partisan issue.  As President Reagan famously said, ‘nuclear war cannot be won and must never be fought.’  At a time when we desperately need steps forward toward disarmament, withdrawing from the INF treaty would be major step backward.”

### 

评论信息

最多输入150字
验证码
条记录 /页  首页   尾页  

最受欢迎文章排行